Wood Species and Products from the Coast Region of British Columbia
This brochure describes the species, qualities and typical uses of wood products manufactured in the coastal region of British Columbia by the members of the Coast Forest Products Association (Coast Forest) and the B.C. Wood Specialties Group Association (B.C. Wood).
Coast Forest Products Association is the regional advocate and regulatory issues manager for harvesting lumber manufacturing companies who operate within the geographic bounds of British Columbia’s Coast. Areas of activity include: forestry, lumber manufacturing, log security, market development and government relations. Market development includes applied research, product development, market access (codes, standards, etc) and product promotion in both established and emerging markets.
Coast Forest members produce a wide range of solid wood products including: high-quality appearance/decorative products, structural lumber for housing and general construction, special sizes and grades for remanufacturing, as well as utility and lower grade products suitable for pallets, packaging and other industrial uses. These products are produced in the five softwood species that grow in the coastal region: Western hemlock – Hem-Fir (N), Douglas fir, Western red cedar, Yellow cedar and Sitka spruce.
B.C. Wood is the industry trade association that undertakes market development initiatives directed to expanding the global marketing of manufactured wood products from British Columbia. Its membership includes more than 600 manufacturing companies producing a wide range of finished and semi-finished wood products. The range of products includes: cabinets, engineered building components, factory built and prefabricated structures, furniture, fixtures and millwork, as well as lumber and semi-finished wood products for overseas manufacturing plants.
The Forest Industry of British Columbia and the Coast Region
Forests of commercial value cover 55% of British Columbia’s total land area of 95 million hectares. Map inset defines the boundaries of the coast forest region.
British Columbia’s forests contain more than half of the commercial timber in Canada. This resource forms the foundation of the province’s economy and makes Canada the foremost timber-exporting nation in the world. Canada accounts for approximately 50% of all international trade in softwood lumber products and 60% of that trade originates in the province of British Columbia. Forests of commercial value cover 55% of British Columbia’s total land area of 95 million hectares; 94% of that timber is owned by the provincial government, which enables them to exercise control over the management and utilization of the resource.
The coast region of British Columbia accounts for 40% of the total value of B.C.’s lumber production. Its coastal forest is basically coniferous species and represents one of the world’s few remaining sources of clear fiber and large-size softwood lumber. About 90% of the province’s coastal sawmills’ and remanufacturing production is exported, making that group one of the major international suppliers of softwood lumber products and components.
The B.C. coastal sawmilling industry has a long history of dependence on, and commitment to, international markets for its lumber products. This is reflected in its long-term marketing plans, which are based on continuity of supply. In turn, this involves reliability of supply, provision of quality products that meet clients’ needs and management of the forest in an environmentally responsible and sustainable manner.